Vulnerability Assessment Analyst

Work Role ID: 541  |  Workforce Element: Cybersecurity

What does this work role do? Performs assessments of systems and networks within the NE or enclave and identifies where those systems/networks deviate from acceptable configurations, enclave policy, or local policy. Measures effectiveness of defense-in-depth architecture against known vulnerabilities.

KSAT ID Description KSAT
10 Knowledge of application vulnerabilities. Knowledge
10A Skill in conducting application vulnerability assessments. Skill
22 * Knowledge of computer networking concepts and protocols, and network security methodologies. Knowledge
92 Knowledge of how traffic flows across the network (e.g., Transmission Control Protocol [TCP] and Internet Protocol [IP], Open System Interconnection Model [OSI], Information Technology Infrastructure Library, current version [ITIL]). Knowledge
105 Knowledge of system and application security threats and vulnerabilities (e.g., buffer overflow, mobile code, cross-site scripting, Procedural Language/Structured Query Language [PL/SQL] and injections, race conditions, covert channel, replay, return-oriented attacks, malicious code). Knowledge
108 * Knowledge of risk management processes (e.g., methods for assessing and mitigating risk). Knowledge
150 Knowledge of what constitutes a network attack and the relationship to both threats and vulnerabilities. Knowledge
692 Maintain knowledge of applicable cyber defense policies, regulations, and compliance documents specifically related to cyber defense auditing. Task
784 Prepare audit reports that identify technical and procedural findings, and provide recommended remediation strategies/solutions. Task
1072 Knowledge of network security architecture concepts including topology, protocols, components, and principles (e.g., application of defense-in-depth). Knowledge
1157 * Knowledge of national and international laws, regulations, policies, and ethics as they relate to cybersecurity. Knowledge
1158 * Knowledge of cybersecurity principles. Knowledge
1159 * Knowledge of cyber threats and vulnerabilities. Knowledge
6900 * Knowledge of specific operational impacts of cybersecurity lapses. Knowledge
6935 * Knowledge of cloud computing service models Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and Platform as a Service (PaaS). Knowledge
6938 * Knowledge of cloud computing deployment models in private, public, and hybrid environment and the difference between on-premises and off-premises environments. Knowledge
KSAT ID Description KSAT
3B Skill in conducting vulnerability scans and recognizing vulnerabilities in information systems and networks. Skill
4 Ability to identify systemic security issues based on the analysis of vulnerability and configuration data. Ability
27 Knowledge of cryptography and cryptographic key management concepts. Knowledge
27B Skill in assessing the application of cryptographic standards. Skill
29 Knowledge of data backup, types of backups (e.g., full, incremental), and recovery concepts and tools. Knowledge
49 Knowledge of host/network access control mechanisms (e.g., access control list). Knowledge
63 Knowledge of cybersecurity principles and organizational requirements (relevant to confidentiality, integrity, availability, authentication, non-repudiation). Knowledge
79 Knowledge of network access, identity, and access management (e.g., public key infrastructure [PKI]). Knowledge
81A Knowledge of network protocols such as TCP/IP, Dynamic Host Configuration, Domain Name System (DNS), and directory services. Knowledge
95B Knowledge of penetration testing principles, tools, and techniques, including specialized tools for non-traditional systems and networks (e.g., control systems). Knowledge
102A Ability to apply programming language structures (e.g., source code review) and logic. Ability
102 Knowledge of programming language structures and logic. Knowledge
128 Knowledge of systems diagnostic tools and fault identification techniques. Knowledge
160 Skill in assessing the robustness of security systems and designs. Skill
181A Skill in detecting host and network based intrusions via intrusion detection technologies. Skill
210 Skill in mimicking threat behaviors. Skill
214B Knowledge of packet-level analysis using appropriate tools (e.g., Wireshark, tcpdump). Knowledge
225A Skill in the use of penetration testing tools and techniques, including specialized tools for non-traditional systems and networks (e.g., control systems). Skill
226 Skill in the use of social engineering techniques. Skill
411A Analyze organization’s cybersecurity policies and configurations and evaluate compliance with regulations and organizational directives. Task
448 Conduct and/or support authorized penetration testing on enterprise network assets. Task
685A Maintain deployable cybersecurity audit toolkit (e.g., specialized cyber defense software and hardware) to support cybersecurity audit missions. Task
801B Knowledge of threat and risk assessment. Knowledge
897A Skill in performing impact/risk assessments. Skill
904 Knowledge of interpreted and compiled computer languages. Knowledge
922B Skill in using network analysis tools, including specialized tools for non-traditional systems and networks (e.g., control systems), to identify vulnerabilities.​ Skill
939 Conduct required reviews as appropriate within environment (e.g., Technical Surveillance, Countermeasure Reviews [TSCM], TEMPEST countermeasure reviews). Task
940B Perform technical (evaluation of technology) and non-technical (evaluation of people and operations) risk and vulnerability assessments of relevant technology focus areas (e.g., local computing environment, network and infrastructure, control system and operational environments, enclave boundary, supporting infrastructure, and applications). Task
941A Make recommendations regarding the selection of cost-effective security controls to mitigate risk (e.g., protection of information, systems and processes). Task
991 Knowledge of different classes of attacks (e.g., passive, active, insider, close-in, distribution). Knowledge
992C Knowledge of threat environments (e.g., first generation threat actors, threat activities). Knowledge
992B Knowledge of cyber attackers (e.g., script kiddies, insider threat, non-nation state sponsored, and nation sponsored). Knowledge
1033 Knowledge of basic system administration, network, and operating system hardening techniques. Knowledge
1038A Knowledge of infrastructure supporting information technology (IT) for safety, performance, and reliability. Knowledge
1069 Knowledge of general attack stages (e.g., foot printing and scanning, enumeration, gaining access, escalation or privileges, maintaining access, network exploitation, covering tracks). Knowledge
1141A Knowledge of an organization’s information classification program and procedures for information compromise. Knowledge
1142 Knowledge of security models (e.g., Bell-LaPadula model, Biba integrity model, Clark-Wilson integrity model). Knowledge
3150 Knowledge of ethical hacking principles and techniques. Knowledge
3222 Knowledge of data backup and restoration concepts. Knowledge
3513 Knowledge of system administration concepts for Unix/Linux and/or Windows operating systems. Knowledge
6210 Knowledge of cloud service models and possible limitations for an incident response. Knowledge
6660 Skill in reviewing logs to identify evidence of past intrusions. Skill
6918 Ability to apply cybersecurity strategy to cloud computing service and deployment models, identifying proper architecture for different operating environments. Ability